What causes an acquired brain injury?
There are many possible causes of brain injury, including:
- Trauma – from a road crash, fall, assault, sporting accident, violent shaking, gun shot, or explosion;
- Medical event – from a stroke or haemorrhage, brain tumour, aneurysm, or infection - including: meningitis, Encephalitis;
- Degenerative neurological condition - such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, or Motor Neuron Disease;
- Toxins/Poisoning - from alcohol and other drugs, lead, or carbon monoxide;
- Lack of oxygen to the brain (hypoxia/anoxia - period of reduced oxygen supply) – from near drowning, suffocation, attempted suicide, strangulation, choking, cardiac arrest, or stroke.